The Botanical Garden in Wrocław was founded in 1811 by F. Heyde and H.F. Link, who also served as the first directors. The garden was built on the site of the demolished city fortifications in the northern part of Ostrów Tumski, and the buried branch of the Odra River, which previously separated the island from the rest of the city.
In 1945, during the siege of the city – “Festung Breslau” by the Red Army, the collection of greenhouse plants and 50% of the tree stand of the Garden were completely destroyed in connection with the hostilities carried out in the city. During the occupation of the city, the Germans set up anti-aircraft artillery positions in the botanical garden, it was also the place where they took air supply drops, there is also evidence that they built numerous shelters with ammunition. Even in the 1950s, during a thorough cleaning of the garden pond, a considerable war-time arsenal was found at the bottom.
W 1945, podczas oblężenia miasta – “Festung Breslau” przez Armię Czerwoną, w związku z prowadzonymi działaniami wojennymi na terytorium miasta całkowitemu zniszczeniu uległa kolekcja roślin szklarniowych i w 50% drzewostan Ogrodu. W trakcie okupacji miasta Niemcy ustawili stanowiska artylerii przeciwlotniczej w ogrodzie botanicznym, było to również miejsce w którym przyjmowali lotnicze zrzuty zaopatrzenia, istnieją również dowody na to, że zbudowali liczne schrony z amunicją. Jeszcze w latach 50. podczas gruntownego czyszczenia ogrodowego stawu znaleziono na dnie pokaźny arsenał z czasów wojny.
The garden is open daily from April 5 to October 31.
Cash desks are open in the following hours:
in April: 9:00 am – 6:00 pm;
from May to August: 9:00 am – 7:00 pm;
in September: 9:00 am – 6:00 pm;
in October: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm.
Price list - Botanical Garden
The basic tickets and their prices are presented below:
normal ticket – PLN 20
reduced ticket – PLN 10
Ticket: Family Plus Wrocław card / Big Family card nationwide (at least 3 eligible persons) – PLN 15
ticket: Family Plus Wrocław card / Big Family card nationwide (individual ticket) – PLN 5
personal seasonal ticket – PLN 250
Who is entitled to discount tickets:
students (excluding schools for adults)
students up to 26 years of age (except for students of the University of Wrocław and students taking internships or classes with their tutors in the Garden)
PhD students (except for students of the University of Wrocław and students taking internships or classes with their tutors in the Garden)
people with moderate and mild disabilities
seniors from 65 years of age
employees of the University of Wrocław
Free admission is granted to:
persons with a valid ID issued by the Botanical Garden
disabled people together with a guardian and a guide dog for the disabled person
children up to 3 years of age
teachers guiding the group (for 12 participants, one admission free for the guardian)
guides leading the group
students of the University of Wrocław and students of other universities in the Garden of internships or classes with a tutor
PhD students of the University of Wrocław and PhD students of other universities attending internships or classes with a tutor in the Garden
employees of the Faculty of Biological Sciences upon presentation of an authorizing document (document confirming employment, ID or ID issued by the Botanical Garden)
It is also worth getting acquainted with the events that take place in the Botanical Garden, this whole year – 2021, is the year of honey plants, so the events will usually be about such topics.
Below are the first few events since the garden was opened.
April 5, 2021 – Opening of the Botanical Garden
April 11, 2021 – Wroclaw Magnolia Festival
April 24, 2021 – Art workshop “Awakening”
1 – 30 May 2021- Garden Dinopark
17-30 May 2021 – Colorful balconies and terraces
June 12, 2021 – Art workshop “Colors and contrasts”
June 13, 2021 – Climbers – a walk with a specialist
June 20, 2021 – Świętojański fair
In the garden, we can walk through one of the garden sections listed below, the entire tour takes at least 2 hours if we want to see all the parts of the garden listed below.
Ground ornamental plants – this is the part of the garden located in its western part. Plants in the garden are characterized by a variety of colors and varieties, and so you can see, among others, a collection of 30 varieties of hyacinths – Hyacinthus, narcissus – Narcissus, 80 varieties, irises – Iris, 250, and peonies – Paeonia, 120. In the summer, 200 varieties of daylilies blooms – Hemerocallis . It is rich in plants from different parts of the world.
Systematics – This section includes herbaceous plants as well as trees, shrubs and shrubs that can develop and winter in our climatic conditions. It is worth noting that they are presented in a layout that reflects their natural kinship, according to Adolf Engler’s system.
The arboretum – it is part of the garden that defines the collection of trees, shrubs and shrubs. The Wrocław Botanical Garden has 30 types of conifers (gymnosperms) and 308 types of deciduous trees (angiosperms cluster). Trees and shrubs are distributed throughout the Garden, and in 2002 their collection consisted of 2,937 taxa. Particularly noteworthy are the fossilized tree trunk of the genus Walchia, 3.4 m high, about 270 million years old, and the fossil trunks of original coniferous trees.
Alpinarium – in this part of the garden there are about 1500 species and varieties of cultivated rock plants, this part was established in the second half of the 19th century to create a place for rock vegetation. We find here the vegetation of the mountains of various parts of the world, such as: Central and Southern Europe, East Asia, Asia Minor and Central, the Caucasus, the Americas and New Zealand.
Water, mud and aquarium plants – In its open space there is a eutrophic pond (a remnant of one of the arms of the Odra River) of a similar nature. Rush plants grow on the banks: sticks, iris, calamus, reeds up to 5 m high,
Greenhouse plants – this part of the garden consists of succulents and tropical plants. Tropical plants are divided into 3 greenhouses: the National Collection of the Bromeliaceae Family, plants of the “tropical forest floor” and plants grown using the hydroponic method, exhibited in the largest greenhouse.
Plant didactics and morphology – in this section you can learn about the structure of flowers and the methods of their pollination, types of fruit and methods of dispersing seeds, various types of inflorescences, shoots, leaves, roots and life forms of plants.
Climbers – are presented on an area of 0.8 ha, with the use of natural supports – deciduous trees, conifers, shrubs, and artificial supports. The presented collection currently includes 240 species and varieties of climbing plants and is the largest in the country.
Documentation department – The task of this department is to determine the correct names of plant taxa and related information regarding systematic affiliation, synonyms, life form, geographical distribution, threat category, species protection, and in the case of cultivars – the breeder’s name and the year of obtaining the variety, parental forms and distinctive features
Panorama of nature – in this part we will travel through the history of plants, including a saw palmetto leaf, “petrified forest”, elements of a whale skeleton, a mammoth blow, a woolly rhinoceros skull, and finally basalt tools, the so-called fists, typical of the Lower Paleolithic culture.